vahe_2000
@vahe_2000

Как получить индексные буферы для рисования квадрата в OpenGL?

Это мой код, но как результат у меня выводит только окно.

extern crate gl;
extern crate sdl2;

use gl::types::*;
use std::ffi::CString;
use std::ptr;
use std::str;

// Shader sources
static VS_SRC: &'static str = "
#version 330 core

layout (location = 0) in vec4 Position;

void main()
{
    gl_Position = Position;
}
";

static FS_SRC: &'static str = "
#version 330 core

layout(location = 0) out vec4 color;

void main()
{
    color = vec4(0.2, 0.3, 0.8, 1.0);
}
";

fn compile_shader(src: &str, ty: GLenum) -> GLuint {
    let shader;
    unsafe {
        shader = gl::CreateShader(ty);
        // Attempt to compile the shader
        let c_str = CString::new(src.as_bytes()).unwrap();
        gl::ShaderSource(shader, 1, &c_str.as_ptr(), ptr::null());
        gl::CompileShader(shader);

        // Get the compile status
        let mut status = gl::FALSE as GLint;
        gl::GetShaderiv(shader, gl::COMPILE_STATUS, &mut status);

        // Fail on error
        if status != (gl::TRUE as GLint) {
            let mut len = 0;
            gl::GetShaderiv(shader, gl::INFO_LOG_LENGTH, &mut len);
            let mut buf = Vec::with_capacity(len as usize);
            buf.set_len((len as usize) - 1); // subtract 1 to skip the trailing null character
            gl::GetShaderInfoLog(
                shader,
                len,
                ptr::null_mut(),
                buf.as_mut_ptr() as *mut GLchar,
            );
            panic!(
                "{}",
                str::from_utf8(&buf)
                    .ok()
                    .expect("ShaderInfoLog not valid utf8")
            );
        }
    }
    shader
}

fn link_program(vs: GLuint, fs: GLuint) -> GLuint {
    unsafe {
        let program = gl::CreateProgram();
        gl::AttachShader(program, vs);
        gl::AttachShader(program, fs);
        gl::LinkProgram(program);
        // Get the link status
        let mut status = gl::FALSE as GLint;
        gl::GetProgramiv(program, gl::LINK_STATUS, &mut status);

        // Fail on error
        if status != (gl::TRUE as GLint) {
            let mut len: GLint = 0;
            gl::GetProgramiv(program, gl::INFO_LOG_LENGTH, &mut len);
            let mut buf = Vec::with_capacity(len as usize);
            buf.set_len((len as usize) - 1); // subtract 1 to skip the trailing null character
            gl::GetProgramInfoLog(
                program,
                len,
                ptr::null_mut(),
                buf.as_mut_ptr() as *mut GLchar,
            );
            panic!(
                "{}",
                str::from_utf8(&buf)
                    .ok()
                    .expect("ProgramInfoLog not valid utf8")
            );
        }
        program
    }
}

fn main() {
    let sdl = sdl2::init().unwrap();
    let video_subsystem = sdl.video().unwrap();

    let gl_attr = video_subsystem.gl_attr();

    gl_attr.set_context_profile(sdl2::video::GLProfile::Core);
    gl_attr.set_context_version(4, 1);

    let window = video_subsystem
        .window("Window", 500, 500)
        .opengl()
        .resizable()
        .build()
        .unwrap();

    let _gl_context = window.gl_create_context().unwrap();
    let _gl =
        gl::load_with(|s| video_subsystem.gl_get_proc_address(s) as *const std::os::raw::c_void);

    // Create GLSL shaders
    let vs = compile_shader(VS_SRC, gl::VERTEX_SHADER);
    let fs = compile_shader(FS_SRC, gl::FRAGMENT_SHADER);
    let _program = link_program(vs, fs);

    let positions: Vec<f32> = vec![-0.5, -0.5, 0.5, -0.5, -0.5, 0.5, 0.5, 0.5];

    let indices: [u8; 6] = [0, 1, 2, 2, 3, 0];

    let mut triangle_buffer: gl::types::GLuint = 0;
    unsafe {
        gl::GenBuffers(1, &mut triangle_buffer);
        gl::BindBuffer(gl::ARRAY_BUFFER, triangle_buffer);
        gl::BufferData(
            gl::ARRAY_BUFFER,
            (8 * std::mem::size_of::<f32>()) as gl::types::GLsizeiptr,
            positions.as_ptr() as *const gl::types::GLvoid,
            gl::STATIC_DRAW,
        );
        gl::VertexAttribPointer(
            0,
            2,
            gl::FLOAT,
            gl::FALSE,
            (2 * std::mem::size_of::<f32>()) as gl::types::GLint,
            std::ptr::null(),
        );
        gl::EnableVertexAttribArray(0);
    }

    let mut ibo: gl::types::GLuint = 0;
    unsafe {
        gl::GenBuffers(1, &mut ibo);
        gl::BindBuffer(gl::ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER, ibo);
        gl::BufferData(
            gl::ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER,
            (6 * std::mem::size_of::<u8>()) as gl::types::GLsizeiptr,
            indices.as_ptr() as *const gl::types::GLvoid,
            gl::STATIC_DRAW,
        );
    }

    // set up shared state for window

    let mut event_pump = sdl.event_pump().unwrap();
    'main: loop {
        for event in event_pump.poll_iter() {
            match event {
                sdl2::event::Event::Quit { .. } => break 'main,
                _ => {}
            }
        }

        unsafe {
            // Clear the screen to black
            gl::ClearColor(0.3, 0.3, 0.3, 1.0);
            gl::Clear(gl::COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);

            gl::BindVertexArray(triangle_buffer);
            gl::DrawElements(
                gl::TRIANGLES, // mode
                6,
                gl::TRIANGLES,
                ptr::null(),
            );
        }

        window.gl_swap_window();
    }
}
  • Вопрос задан
  • 64 просмотра
Решения вопроса 1
vahe_2000
@vahe_2000 Автор вопроса
я решил

extern crate gl;
extern crate sdl2;

// pub mod render_gl;

use self::gl::types::*;

use std::ffi::CString;
use std::mem;
use std::os::raw::c_void;
use std::ptr;
use std::str;
use std::sync::mpsc::Receiver;

const vertexShaderSource: &str = r#"
    #version 330 core
    layout (location = 0) in vec3 aPos;
    void main() {
       gl_Position = vec4(aPos.x, aPos.y, aPos.z, 1.0);
    }
"#;

const fragmentShaderSource: &str = r#"
    #version 330 core
    out vec4 FragColor;
    void main() {
       FragColor = vec4(1.0f, 0.5f, 0.2f, 1.0f);
    }
"#;

fn main() {
    let sdl = sdl2::init().unwrap();
    let video_subsystem = sdl.video().unwrap();

    let gl_attr = video_subsystem.gl_attr();

    gl_attr.set_context_profile(sdl2::video::GLProfile::Core);
    gl_attr.set_context_version(4, 1);

    let window = video_subsystem
        .window("Game", 900, 700)
        .opengl()
        .resizable()
        .build()
        .unwrap();

    let _gl_context = window.gl_create_context().unwrap();
    let _gl =
        gl::load_with(|s| video_subsystem.gl_get_proc_address(s) as *const std::os::raw::c_void);

    let (shaderProgram, VAO) = unsafe {
        // build and compile our shader program
        // ------------------------------------
        // vertex shader
        let vertexShader = gl::CreateShader(gl::VERTEX_SHADER);
        let c_str_vert = CString::new(vertexShaderSource.as_bytes()).unwrap();
        gl::ShaderSource(vertexShader, 1, &c_str_vert.as_ptr(), ptr::null());
        gl::CompileShader(vertexShader);

        // check for shader compile errors
        let mut success = gl::FALSE as GLint;
        let mut infoLog = Vec::with_capacity(512);
        infoLog.set_len(512 - 1); // subtract 1 to skip the trailing null character
        gl::GetShaderiv(vertexShader, gl::COMPILE_STATUS, &mut success);
        if success != gl::TRUE as GLint {
            gl::GetShaderInfoLog(
                vertexShader,
                512,
                ptr::null_mut(),
                infoLog.as_mut_ptr() as *mut GLchar,
            );
            println!(
                "ERROR::SHADER::VERTEX::COMPILATION_FAILED\n{}",
                str::from_utf8(&infoLog).unwrap()
            );
        }

        // fragment shader
        let fragmentShader = gl::CreateShader(gl::FRAGMENT_SHADER);
        let c_str_frag = CString::new(fragmentShaderSource.as_bytes()).unwrap();
        gl::ShaderSource(fragmentShader, 1, &c_str_frag.as_ptr(), ptr::null());
        gl::CompileShader(fragmentShader);
        // check for shader compile errors
        gl::GetShaderiv(fragmentShader, gl::COMPILE_STATUS, &mut success);
        if success != gl::TRUE as GLint {
            gl::GetShaderInfoLog(
                fragmentShader,
                512,
                ptr::null_mut(),
                infoLog.as_mut_ptr() as *mut GLchar,
            );
            println!(
                "ERROR::SHADER::FRAGMENT::COMPILATION_FAILED\n{}",
                str::from_utf8(&infoLog).unwrap()
            );
        }

        // link shaders
        let shaderProgram = gl::CreateProgram();
        gl::AttachShader(shaderProgram, vertexShader);
        gl::AttachShader(shaderProgram, fragmentShader);
        gl::LinkProgram(shaderProgram);
        // check for linking errors
        gl::GetProgramiv(shaderProgram, gl::LINK_STATUS, &mut success);
        if success != gl::TRUE as GLint {
            gl::GetProgramInfoLog(
                shaderProgram,
                512,
                ptr::null_mut(),
                infoLog.as_mut_ptr() as *mut GLchar,
            );
            println!(
                "ERROR::SHADER::PROGRAM::COMPILATION_FAILED\n{}",
                str::from_utf8(&infoLog).unwrap()
            );
        }
        gl::DeleteShader(vertexShader);
        gl::DeleteShader(fragmentShader);

        // HINT: type annotation is crucial since default for float literals is f64
        let vertices: [f32; 12] = [
            0.5, 0.5, 0.0, // top right
            0.5, -0.5, 0.0, // bottom right
            -0.5, -0.5, 0.0, // bottom left
            -0.5, 0.5, 0.0, // top left
        ];
        let indices = [
            0, 1, 3, // first Triangle
            1, 2, 3, // second Triangle
        ];
        let (mut VBO, mut VAO, mut EBO) = (0, 0, 0);
        gl::GenVertexArrays(1, &mut VAO);
        gl::GenBuffers(1, &mut VBO);
        gl::GenBuffers(1, &mut EBO);

        gl::BindVertexArray(VAO);

        gl::BindBuffer(gl::ARRAY_BUFFER, VBO);
        gl::BufferData(
            gl::ARRAY_BUFFER,
            (vertices.len() * mem::size_of::<GLfloat>()) as GLsizeiptr,
            &vertices[0] as *const f32 as *const c_void,
            gl::STATIC_DRAW,
        );

        gl::BindBuffer(gl::ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER, EBO);
        gl::BufferData(
            gl::ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER,
            (indices.len() * mem::size_of::<GLfloat>()) as GLsizeiptr,
            &indices[0] as *const i32 as *const c_void,
            gl::STATIC_DRAW,
        );

        gl::VertexAttribPointer(
            0,
            3,
            gl::FLOAT,
            gl::FALSE,
            3 * mem::size_of::<GLfloat>() as GLsizei,
            ptr::null(),
        );
        gl::EnableVertexAttribArray(0);

        gl::BindBuffer(gl::ARRAY_BUFFER, 0);

        gl::BindVertexArray(0);

        (shaderProgram, VAO)
    };

    let mut event_pump = sdl.event_pump().unwrap();
    'main: loop {
        for event in event_pump.poll_iter() {
            match event {
                sdl2::event::Event::Quit { .. } => break 'main,
                _ => {}
            }
        }
        unsafe {
            gl::ClearColor(0.2, 0.3, 0.3, 1.0);
            gl::Clear(gl::COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);

            // draw our first triangle
            gl::UseProgram(shaderProgram);
            gl::BindVertexArray(VAO); // seeing as we only have a single VAO there's no need to bind it every time, but we'll do so to keep things a bit more organized
                                      // gl::DrawArrays(gl::TRIANGLES, 0, 3);
            gl::DrawElements(gl::TRIANGLES, 6, gl::UNSIGNED_INT, ptr::null());
            // glBindVertexArray(0); // no need to unbind it every time
        }

        window.gl_swap_window();
    }
}
Ответ написан
Пригласить эксперта
Ваш ответ на вопрос

Войдите, чтобы написать ответ

Войти через центр авторизации
Похожие вопросы